Credits, Bibliography and Further Readings

This is exhibit was created by Claire Becker, a library assistant at the James Ford Bell Library and History senior in January 2019. All work was conducted under the direction of Dr. Marguerite Ragnow, curator of the James Ford Bell Library.


Primary sources:

Defoe, Daniel, and Charles Johnson. A General History of the Robberies and Murders of the Most Notorious Pyrates, and Also Their Policies, Discipline and Government, from Their First Rise and Settlement in the Island of Providence, in 1717, to the Present Year 1724 : with the Remarkable Actions and Adventures of the Two Female Pyrates, Mary Read and Anne Bonney : to Which Is Prefix'd an Account of the Famous Captain Avery and His Companions ... Printed for Ch. Rivington ..., J. Lacy ..., and J. Stone ..., 1724.

Bell Library Call #:  1724 De v. 1  

Defoe, Daniel, and Charles Johnson. The History of the Pyrates, Containing the Lives of Captain Misson, Captain Bowen, Captain Kidd, Captain Tew, Captain Halsey, Captain White, Captain Condent, Captain Bellamy, Captain Fly, Captain Howard, Captain Lewis, Captain Cornelius, Captain Williams, Captain Burgess, Captain North and Their Several Crews ... to the Whole Is Added an Appendix Which Compleats the Lives of the First Volume and Corrects Some Mistakes ... London: Printed For, and Sold by T. Woodward ..., 1726.

Bell Library Call #: 1724 De v. 2  

Note:  Bell Library materials are restricted to use in the reading room.  However, these items also may be available from online sources.

Secondary sources:

Abbott, Karen. “If There's a Man Among Ye: The Tale of Pirate Queens Anne Bonny and Mary Read.”, Smithsonian Institution, 9 Aug. 2011,

Pallardy, Richard. “Anne Bonny.” Encyclopædia Britannica, Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., 24 Nov. 2015,

Rennie, Neil. 2013. Treasure Neverland: Real and Imaginary Pirates. Oxford:  Oxford University Press, 2013.

Tikkanen, Amy. “Mary Read.” Encyclopædia Britannica, Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., 15 Sept. 2017,

Further readings for K-12 students:

Boissoneault, Lorraine. “The Swashbuckling History of Women Pirates.”, Smithsonian Institution, 12 Apr. 2017,

Eldridge, Alison. “Swashbuckling Sisters: 6 Lady Pirates.” Encyclopædia Britannica, Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc.,

Frey, Holly, and Tracy V. Wilson. “Anne Bonny & Mary Read.” HowStuffWorks: Stuff You Missed in History Class, iHeartRadio, 15 Aug. 2016.  Podcast available online at:

Holland, Barbara. They Went Whistling : Women Wayfarers, Warriors, Runaways, and Renegades. 1st ed., Pantheon Books, 2001.  Available at the University of Minnesota's TC Wilson Library General Collection CT9970 .H65 2001  

Pascall, Jeremy. Pirates and Privateers. Silver Burdett, 1981. Available at the University of Minnesota's TC Andersen Library Children's Lit (Hess Collection) Pirate Tray P-17  (Note:  use restricted to reading room.)

Zepke, Terrance. Pirates of the Carolinas. 1st ed., Pineapple Press, 2000.  Available at  the University of Minnesota's TC Andersen Library Children's Lit (Hess Collection) Pirate Tray P-25  (Note:  use restricted to reading room).

Further readings for more advanced students:

Karremann, Isabel. “'The Sea Will Make a Man of Him?'; Hypervirility, Effeminacy, and the Figure of the Queer Pirate in the Popular Imagination from the Early Eighteenth-Century to Hollywood.” Gender Forum, no. 32, 2011, p. N_A.  Available online through ProQuest Gender Watch, University of Minnesota Libraries.

O'Driscoll, Sally. “The Pirate's Breasts: Criminal Women and the Meanings of the Body.” Eighteenth Century: Theory and Interpretation, vol. 53, no. 3, 2012, pp. 357–379.  Available online through Project Muse, University of Minnesota Libraries.

Credits, Bibliography and Further Readings