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Portolan Charts

1424 Nautical Chart

1424 Nautical Chart

1424 Nautical Chart.

The earliest portolan — or nautical — chart in the James Ford Bell Library was made in 1424 by a Venetian cartographer whose name almost certainly was Zuane Pizzigano (Parker 1955, 3). This manuscript portolan chart on vellum is approximately two by three feet in size. Like the Carte Pisane, the 1424 Nautical Chart is simple, with no pictoral decoration, and it does not have a separate decorated compass rose.